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EMBO Workshop

Codon usage: Function, mechanism and evolution

08 – 11 April 2022 | Edinburgh, United Kingdom

  • Hybrid event icon
    Hybrid event
  • Registration Deadline
  • 22 February 2022
  • Abstract Submission Deadline
  • 22 February 2022
  • Chosen Participants Will Be Notified By
  • 26 February 2022
  • Payment Deadline
  • 6 March 2022

Apply now!

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About the Workshop

The degeneracy of genetic code allows 18 of the 20 standard amino acids to be encoded by two to six synonymous codons. Codon usage bias, the preference for certain synonymous codons is a feature of all eukaryotic and prokaryotic genomes. Although synonymous codon mutations were once thought to be silent, in recent years codon usage bias has emerged as a key factor in genome regulation. Global patterns of codon usage are among the strongest known predictors of gene expression levels, and individual synonymous mutations were shown to influence microbial fitness and human disease. Codon usage has now been recognized as a new genetic code that influences diverse biological processes including translational efficiency and fidelity, translation kinetics, co-translational protein folding, mRNA decay, mRNA structure, transcription, splicing and genome evolution through translation-dependent and translation-independent mechanisms. This EMBO Workshop will be dedicated to the understanding of the functions of codon usage, mechanisms of codon usage-mediated regulatory processes, and evolution of codon usage biases. The EMBO Workshop will focus on (1) gene expression, mRNA stability and structure and transcription; (2) translation initiation, elongation rates and translation efficiency; (3) co-translational protein folding; (4) fitness, genome evolution and computational modeling. It will have a substantial focus on new method development (experimental and computational) to determine the effects of synonymous codon usage on different cellular processes. This EMBO Workshop will be the first international conference dedicated to the understanding of the codon usage bias phenomenon. It will bring together a broad selection of scientists from around the globe working to understand the myriad ways that codon usage bias influences biology. Some oral presentations will be selected from the submitted abstracts.

Although we strongly favor in-person attendance to promote scientific exchange, those who cannot travel can attend the conference virtually at a discounted fee.

About EMBO Courses and Workshops

EMBO Courses and Workshops are selected for their excellent scientific quality and timelines, provision of good networking activities for all participants and speaker gender diversity (at least 40% of speakers must be from the underrepresented gender).

Organisers are encouraged to implement measures to make the meeting environmentally more sustainable.







  • Registration Deadline
  • 22 February 2022
  • Abstract Submission Deadline
  • 22 February 2022
  • Chosen Participants Will Be Notified By
  • 26 February 2022
  • Payment Deadline
  • 6 March 2022



Registration includes:

  • In-person participation

  • Access to all speaker talks, poster sessions

  • All conference materials

  • Digital abstract book (in PDF)

  • Welcome reception

  • Coffee and lunch breaks

Excluding accommodation


Payment information will be provided with notification of acceptance.

Selection criteria

Research topics related to functions, mechanisms, evolution, and applications of codon usage. The organizing committee will consider participation that can provide new insights to the conference. A few oral presentations will be selected from the selected abstracts.

Abstract guidelines

Abstracts should include title, authors, affiliations and summary and be less than 250 words. No illustration or image should be included in Abstract.

Poster specifications

Size A0 portrait (84.1cm x 118.9cm).

Travel grants

A limited number of travel grants are available for participants. Applicants do not need to apply separately for travel grants for this event but should indicate on the registration form if they wish to be considered for a travel grant. Selection of awardees is handled directly by the organizer who will notify all eligible participants. More information is available at EMBO Travel Grants' page.

Specific travel grants and fee waivers are available for participants of any nationality working in laboratories in Chile, India, Singapore and Taiwan. To apply, please send an email directly to the meeting organisers justifying your request.

Child care grant

EMBO Courses and Workshops offers grants to offset additional child care costs incurred by participants or speakers when participating at any EMBO Courses and Workshop funded meeting. Eligible costs include fees for a caregiver or child-care facility, travel costs for a caregiver, or travel costs for taking the child to the meeting etc. Please indicate on the registration form whether you would like to be considered for the grant. Please also describe how you intend to use the child care grant and specify the sum that you will need.






Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
11 Queen Street
Edinburgh EH2 1JQ


Accommodation is not included in the registration fee. Participants who are not invited speakers should book a hotel. Below are a few suggested hotels that are within working distance to the conference venue.

IBIS Styles Edinburgh St Andrew Square (19 St Andrew Square, Edinburgh EH2 1AU)

YOTEL Edinburgh (68–73 Queen Street, Edinburgh EH2 4NA)

Holiday Inn Express– City Centre (16–22 Picardy Place, Edinburgh EH1 3JT)

InterContinental Edinburgh The George (19–21 George Street, Edinburgh EH2 2PB)

Hotel Indigo Princes Street (20 Princes Street, Edinburgh EH2 2AN)

Courtyard Marriott Edinburgh (1–3 Baxter’s Place, Edinburgh EH1 3AF)

Cheval The Edinburgh Grand (42 St Andrew Square, Edinburgh EH2 2AD)

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